Bipolar Disorder Uncovered

Bipolar Disorder Uncovered

If you're wanting to learn about bipolar disorder... Then this may be the most important letter you'll ever read! You are about to take an in-depth look at bipolar disorder. It's all you need to know about bipolar disorder to help you or a loved one lead a normal life. It doesn't matter if you or a loved one have been recently diagnosed or been struggling with bipolar disorder for years - This guide will tell you everything you need to know, without spending too much brainpower!

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Married To Mania

This eBook is the key to knowing if you are married to a bipolar spouse, and gives you the keys to what to do about it. Often, being married to a bipolar spouse can be one of the hardest things you go through in your life because emotions in your house can change drastically, and completely without warning. This book gives you the tools to deal with unexpected anger outbursts and guilt that many spouses feel. This book will teach YOU how to deal with feelings of guilt that you may feel towards yourself, even though you have done everything you possibly can to make your marriage work. When you get this eBook, you can order a physical copy of the book and get FREE shipping. Also, you get two bonus eBooks when you order: The Spouse's Guide to Bipolar Disorder Vocabulary, which give you the tools you need to talk to doctors and psychiatrists, and The Bipolar Disorder Rolodex which gives you the latest in bipolar disorder research. It is hard to go through a bipolar marriage without help; now you don't have to.

Married To Mania Summary


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Author: Julie Fast
Price: $39.00

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Highly Recommended

I started using this book straight away after buying it. This is a guide like no other; it is friendly, direct and full of proven practical tips to develop your skills.

This ebook does what it says, and you can read all the claims at his official website. I highly recommend getting this book.

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Bipolar Disorder Stop

This ebook guide teaches you how to keep your symptoms of bipolar disorder under control and have a manageable, excellent life even with bipolar symptoms. You will be able to stop engaging in destructive behavior, get your emotions under control, and handle stress in the way that you usually envy everyone else doing. It is not fair that you are afflicted with this; bipolar disorder is under-diagnosed and tends to affect your live and lives of those you love in a powerful, often negative way. You can put that behind you now. You no longer have to live that way. This ebook guide teaches you how to tell your negative symptoms to take a hike, and MAKE them do so. You do not have to feel guilt over your disorder. You cannot help it. But now, we can help you control it, and manage your symptoms so you can have the normal life you deserve. Read more here...

Bipolar Disorder Stop Summary

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Author: Tito
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Price: $34.00

Bipolar disorder and epilepsy

It used to be confidently stated that bipolar disorder was rare in patients with epilepsy (Wolf, 1982) . Such statements were made prior to the use of standardized diagnostic manuals such as the DSM-IV, and were also based on clinical impression rather than being assessed by the use of rating scales. It was accepted however that in the context of the postictal state, patients could develop a post-ictal psychosis, the features of which were often manic or hypomanic, although more generally the presentation was one of a mixed affective state often with psychotic features. A recent study (Kanner et al, 2004) of the postictal symptoms of 100 patients noted postictal hypomanic symptoms in 22 patients, often with associated psychotic phenomenology. Nishida et al. (2006) recently showed that postictal mania has a distinct position among mental disorders observed in the postictal period. Postictal manic episodes last for a longer period than postictal psychotic episodes. They have a higher...

Treatment oF BIPoLAR DisoRDERs IN PwE

Bipolar disorder is an episodic lifelong disease which may begin with a manic, hypomanic or depressive episode. If the bipolar disorder goes untreated, patients may experience 10 or more episodes in the course of their lifetime. While 4-5 years may elapse between the first two episodes, intervals shorten between subsequent episodes. Bipolar patients constitute about 20 of patients with an affective disorder in non-epilepsy patients the actual prevalence of bipolar disease in PWE remains unknown, however. A population survey carried out in 181 000 households in which 2900 individuals reported a history of epilepsy, found that symptoms of manic depressive illness were identified in 12.2 of PWE, in contrast to 2 of individuals who described themselves as being healthy 33 . The aims of pharmacotherapy in bipolar disorders are to suppress acute major depressive, hypomanic, manic and mixed manic depressive episodes and reinstate and maintain a euthymic state. Just as in co-morbid depression...

Bipolar Disorders

Bipolar disorders refer to the mood disorders consisting of manic and or hypomanic episodes with and or without depressive episodes. A manic episode consists of a period of at least 1 week's duration with abnormally and persistently elevated or irritable mood, with at least three (or four if there is only irritable mood) of the following associated symptoms (i) inflated self esteem or grandiosity (ii) decreased need for sleep (iii) more talkative than usual or

Epilepsia Partialis Continua Versus Non Epileptic Seizures

A 42-year-old right-handed male was evaluated for episodes of twitching movements of the right hand that began 2 weeks earlier. He had a 3-year history of bipolar disorder, which was well controlled on valproate 1500 mg day. He was moderately overweight and had a history of sleep apnea treated with continuous positive air pressure (CPAP).

Classification of aggression

Aggressive behaviour can be observed in the context of different medical, neurological and psychiatric disorders and diseases. It is a common problem in patients with mental retardation, possibly due to impaired social perception or deficits in expressing personal needs (Barratt et al., 1997 Gunn, 1977 Kligman and Goldberg, 1975 Saver et al., 1996). Aggressive behaviour in the context of organic brain disease like frontal or hypothalamic brain tumours, neuro-degenerative disease, delirium or drug abuse is often malstructured, defensive and tends to occur in the context of states of confusion and diffuse emotional arousal. Goal-directed and well-planned acts of aggression can occur on the background of psychiatric disorders like psychosis with delusional states, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHA) or bipolar disorder. It is frequently observed in patients with antisocial personality disorder (APD) where it is part of the characteristic trait-like behaviour (Barratt et al.,...

Acute psychotic or depressive states induced by antiepileptic drugs

Although many antiepileptic drugs have a role in the management of bipolar disorder, virtually all these drugs have also been reported to precipitate severe adverse psychiatric reactions, notably acute psychosis or depression. The risk seems greatest in patients with a previous history of psychiatric disorders. How frequently this occurs is not clearly known, but levetiracetam, phenobarbital, topiramate and vigabatrin carry perhaps the greatest risk. These antiepileptic drugs should be used with caution in patients with concurrent psychosis, and carbamazepine or valproate might be preferred options.

The Psychosocial Environment of the Person

The many confounding variables that make research on the influence of psychoso-cial environmental factors on psychopathology in people with epilepsy difficult are summed up by the paucity of studies completed in this field. The finding that significantly more destructive behavior and irritability occurred in mild and moderate ID patients with epilepsy residing in the community, compared with those in hospital, suggests that psychosocial factors do play a role in the development of psychopathology, as this influence would be less prominent in people with severe ID or hospitalized patients.43

Interictal Depressive Episodes

Interictal depressive episodes disorders are the most frequent form of depression and, by the same token, the most frequent psychiatric co-morbidity in PWE, with prevalence rates ranging from 11 to 60 7 . They may mimic major depression, dysthymic, minor depressive and bipolar disorders described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). In a significant number of patients, however, depression may present with atypical clinical characteristics. In primary depressive disorders, the difference between major depression and dysthymic disorder is based largely on severity, persistence and chronicity. According to DSM-IV criteria, symptoms in both disorders may include combinations of depressed mood, anhedonia, feelings of worthlessness and guilt, decreased ability to concentrate, recurrent thoughts of death and neurovegetative symptoms (i.e. weight loss or gain, insomnia or hypersomnia, psychomotor agitation or retardation and fatigue). The...

Mood Disorders That Should Be Managed By Psychiatrists From The Onset

Given their relatively high prevalence in PWE, neurologists should be able to identify the depressive and bipolar disorders described above. They should know how to initiate pharmacotherapy for major, dysthymic and minor depressive episodes. Thus, in which type of depressive disorders can a neurologist start pharmacotherapy and when should patients be referred from the start to the care of a psychiatrist The following are the mood disorders that deserve immediate referral to a psychiatrist. Any Bipolar Disorder The management of bipolar disorders is fraught with a significantly lower therapeutic success and potential serious complications that go beyond the expected diagnostic and therapeutic skills of neurologists. Thus, patients with bipolar disorders should be referred for psychiatric evaluation and treatment from the start. In patients with 'apparent' stable bipolar disorders, neurologists should at least refer the patient for one psychiatric consultation to confirm that optimal...

The Problem Of Depression Diagnosis In Epilepsy

To conclude, a definite diagnosis of depression in patients with epilepsy can be difficult because a number of symptoms, which are recognized as diagnostic criteria for a depressive episode by the ICD-10 and DSM-IV, may occur in epilepsy secondary to seizure activity or AED treatment (e.g., loss of energy, insomnia or hypersomnia, increase or decrease in appetite, loss of libido, psychomotor agitation or retardation, diminished ability to think or concentrate). Because these symptoms may be present in patients who are not depressed, physicians need to explore fully the mental status of their patients. Inquiring about anhedonia has been suggested as an excellent predictor of the presence of depression (Kanner, 2006) and the use of self-rating instruments can be revealing. However, one of the most frequent methodological errors in research studies on depression and epilepsy is the sole reliance on screening instruments to diagnose depressive disorders. Firstly, a depressive episode can...

SPECT single photon emission computerized tomography scanning

An excellent anticonvulsant for generalized and focal seizures. Recently it has started to be used for nonconvulsive disorders, including migraine prevention and as a mood stabilizer for bipolar disorders. Valproic acid comes in Depakene and Depakote forms. Seizures controlled with this medication include myoclonic seizures, absence seizures, and mixed-type seizures. Side effects include initial transient sedation and abdominal pain (better tolerated with the Depakote form). It may also increase the appetite (causing weight gain), cause some transient hair loss (which improves with zinc supplementation), or cause liver and blood count abnormalities, although this is rare. Hyperammonemia and pancreatic dysfunction have also been reported. In children younger than 3, and especially younger than 2, valproic acid may cause a severe fatal liver disease in a frequency as high as 1 in 300. Many patients taking valproic acid may have an associated carnitine...

Positive psychotropic effects of antiepileptic drugs in psychiatric patients

The positive psychotropic properties of carbamazepine and valproate are well established. Both anticonvulsants are frequently used in psychiatric patients. Carbamazepine is indicated for the prophylaxis of bipolar disorder and the management of episodic dyscontrol, and valproate is particularly useful in the treatment of acute mania (Walden et al., 1998).

Peripheral mechanisms

Letterman, L. and Markowitz, J.S. (1999). Gabapentin a review of published experience in the treatment of bipolar disorder and other psychiatric conditions. Pharmacotherapy, 19, 565-72. Suppes, T., Brown, E.S., McElroy, S.L. et al. (1999). Lamotrigine for the treatment of bipolar disorder, a clinical case series. J Affect Disord, 53, 95-8.

Positive psychotropic effects of AEDs in epilepsy patients

Antiepileptic drugs are increasingly being marketed for a broad spectrum of psychiatric disorders. Unfortunately we cannot extrapolate from studies performed with primary psychiatric patients that there are positive psychotropic effects when these drugs are prescribed for epilepsy patients. Most studies in psychiatry are done with patients suffering from bipolar disorder, and this is a relatively uncommon diagnosis in patients with epilepsy. As an example, the well-established mood-stabilizing effects of carbamazepine have never been demonstrated in epilepsy.


In the data presented in this chapter we have suggested that patients presenting with IDD have overlapping features with cyclothymia, and we have suggested that the link between epilepsy and bipolar disorders requires further evaluation.

Adhd In Adults

Presenting symptoms and history may need to be corroborated with third parties. Psychiatric disorders most commonly associated with ADHD in adults are anxiety, substance abuse, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder. Lower educational and occupational achievement has been reported.