Pregnancy

Women with epilepsy have a 90 chance of having a healthy, normal baby. The chance that children of parents with epilepsy will also develop the disorder depends on the type of epilepsy the parents have and whether it is a hereditary form of the disorder. There are two main factors in the cause of epilepsy. One is whether the person has had an injury to the brain, such as from an accident or an infection. The other factor is the seizure threshold. The seizure threshold is a person's level of...

Temperal Flat Cake Like Structure Found In The Uterus During Pregnancy

A condition in which the placenta begins to detach itself from the wall of the uterus before the birth of the baby. Absence seizure. A blank stare, beginning and ending abruptly lasting only a few seconds most common in children. You may also notice rapid blinking and some chewing movements of the mouth. The child or adult is unaware of what is going on during the seizure, but quickly returns to full awareness once it has stopped. It may result in learning difficulties....

Risks to the Baby

One of your first questions when considering whether to have a baby may be, Is there any risk of birth defects or problems after birth More than 90 of women with epilepsy have normal, healthy babies, but there are some risks, including vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, premature birth, and delays in development and growth of the baby, as well as the possibility of birth defects caused by AEDs. Pregnant women who do not take their medication, however, may experience even greater risks to...

The Let Down Reflex

The body produces oxytocin, which causes muscles within the breasts to contract, pressing the milk down the milk ducts toward the nipples. This process is called the let-down reflex it occurs each time you nurse your baby. It may take a few minutes the first few times you nurse. Afterward, let-down will occur much more quickly, usually within a few seconds. The signs of let-down are different for each woman. Sometimes, you may feel a brief itch, shiver, or even slight pain in your breast when...

Risks to the Woman

Many women with epilepsy are worried about possible risks in becoming pregnant. Women with epilepsy who become pregnant do have a higher risk for complications than women who do not have epilepsy. This includes the possibility of having more frequent seizures, which can cause pregnant women to become sleepy or fall, possibly causing serious injury. Other women experience a decrease in the frequency of their seizures when they are pregnant. Most women do not see any change in the frequency of...

Stage One Active Phase

During the active phase of stage one labor, your contractions will become more frequent, longer, and stronger, and your cervix will begin dilating faster. As a general rule, once you have had regular, painful contractions each lasting approximately 60 seconds every 5 minutes for an hour, it is time to call your midwife or obstetrician. The doctor may prefer to receive an early warning call discuss this in advance. In most cases, the frequency of contractions eventually increases to once every 2...

Spitting Up

Spitting up is a common reaction during or after feeding, and some infants just spit up more easily than others do. There is usually no need to be concerned when your baby spits up. Unlike formula-fed babies, human milk does not smell bad or stain clothing or linen. Try the following suggestions if your baby spits up Make sure each feeding is calm, quiet, and relaxing. Avoid interruptions, sudden noises, bright lights, and other distractions. Burp your baby at least twice during the feeding....

Bibliography

Abbasi F, Krumholz A, Kittner SJ, et al. Effects of menopause on seizures in women with epilepsy. Epilepsia. 1999 40 205-210. ACOG educational bulletin. Seizure disorders in pregnancy. No. 231, December 1996. Committee on Educational Bulletins of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 1997 56 279-286. Adab N, Jacoby A, Smith D, et al. Additional educational needs in children born to mothers with epilepsy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psych. 2001 70 15-21. American...

SPECT single photon emission computerized tomography scanning

An investigation of the blood flow in the brain. Spike. A particular wave pattern in EEG that is typical of epilepsy. Spina bifida. Malformation of the spinal cord and spine. Spinal cord. An enlarged collection of nerve fibers and nerve cell bodies that exits the skull and travels through the vertebrae of the spine. Spinal fluid. Fluid that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord. Status epilepticus. A seizure that lasts longer than 30 minutes, or a series of seizures with no recovery of...

Stages of Labor

The process of labor and childbirth is divided into three stages The first stage of labor consists of an early phase, which begins with the onset of contractions and the gradual effacement thinning out and dilation opening of the cervix. The next phase of stage one is called the active phase, during which the cervix begins to dilate more rapidly, and the contractions are longer, stronger, and closer together. This is usually the time to call the doctor. The active phase ends with the transition...

Tips for Walking During the First Trimester

Wear proper walking shoes so that your feet get the support they need, particularly around the ankles and arches. Wear a sun hat and carry a spray bottle of water for cooling off during the summer. The heat from the sun can drain you and stress your body to the point that you become prone to having a seizure. Bring drinking water with you to prevent dehydration. Consider mall walking as an alternative during hot weather. But do not spend too much money while you are at the mall Do not push...

Fetal Development

Pregnancy is a miraculous experience that will change you forever. It changes the way you observe life, and the way you relate to your family and friends. During the 9 months of pregnancy, you will grow spiritually and emotionally, as well as physically. At the beginning of your menstrual cycle, approximately 20 ova eggs begin to develop in fluid-filled sacs called follicles. During the time you are fertile approximately day 14 of your cycle , one or more of these follicles will mature and...

Preconception Counseling

If you have epilepsy and you are planning to have a baby, make an appointment to see your neurologist or epileptologist a physician who specializes in the treatment of epilepsy for preconception counseling before trying to become pregnant. Many important issues need to be discussed and understood before you become pregnant, some of which you may be aware of, but many of which you may not be. Unfortunately, women often wait until they are already pregnant before calling their doctor....