How I Put A Stop To Tourettes Tics
Complex partial seizures of frontal lobe origin have complex, behavioral manifestations. These were initially recognized by the French school (15,35), later described by Williamson (13), and shortly thereafter also by Waterman (17). They described behavior that was bizarre and explosive. Because the behavior is so peculiar and emotional, this type of seizure is frequently mistaken as nonepileptic or psychogenic seizures. In childhood, other diagnoses, such as Tourette's syn
When there were reports that carers complained that handicapped patients became more alert and demanding, this was interpreted as reflecting inadequate rehabilitation facilities rather than being a negative side effect (Binnie, 1997). Besag refers to this as a 'release phenomenon' (Besag, 2001). There are now, however, a number of reports that children with learning difficulties and adults with mental handicap develop behavioural problems such as aggression with lamotrigine (Beran and Gibson, 1998 Ettinger et al., 1998). More recently there have been reports on the induction of a reversible Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, which in some cases was accompanied by obsessive-compulsive symptoms (Lombroso, 1999).
The first description of PNES as a conversion phenomenon in the West was made by Moreau de Tours, whose term desagregation described isolation of certain notions in hysterics. 1 In the late 1800s, Gilles de la Tourette and contemporaries started using the idea of a dissociated consciousness. 2 Charcot referred to all conversion symptoms that were not seizures as minor hysteria, and to hysterical seizures as major hysteria. 2 Pierre Janet solidified a notion of dissociation that still has bearing today.2'3 His theory is that memories and emotions that are not accessible to conscious recall are not necessarily deleted. Rather they are held in a separate state of consciousness and can generally be recalled, if unconsciously. He noted that these elements could